Monday, August 01, 2016

Fwd: ISRAELLIVES August 1, 2016 26 Tammuz 5776, Tisha b'Av, Understanding Hillary, Joint Chiefs Map 1967, Exec Orders, UN, Entebbi

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From: "Janet Lehr" <janetlehr@israellives.org>
Date: Aug 1, 2016 8:31 PM
Subject: ISRAELLIVES August 1, 2016 26 Tammuz 5776, Tisha b'Av, Understanding Hillary, Joint Chiefs Map 1967, Exec Orders, UN, Entebbi
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ISRAELLIVES August 1, 2016  26 Tammuz 5776, Tisha b'Av, Understanding Hillary, Joint Chiefs Map 1967; Schmidt-Google Reward, Exec. Order Militarizing The UN, USA's Enemies Within; PA Supports Terrorists, Entebbi

 

This Friday, on the 1st of Av, "The Three Weeks" mourning period over the destruction of the Holy Temple--which began 13 days earlier on Tammuz 17--enters an intensified stage. During "The Nine Days" from Av 1st to the Ninth of Av, a heightened degree of mourning is observed. The  list of  catastrophes that befell the Jewish Peoples on Tisha b'Av needs to be updated to included the 13th catastrophe: The Expulsion from 25 Israeli communites: 21 from Gush Katif [Bedolah, Bnei Atzmon Dugit, Elei Sinai, Gadid, Gan Or, Ganei Tal, Katif Kfar  Darom, Kfar Yam, Kerem Atzmona, Gan Or, Morag, Neve Dekalim Netzarim, Netzer Hazani, Nisanit, Pe'at Sadeh, Rafiah Yam, Slav, Sirat Hayam & Tel Katifa] and the 4 northern Communities [Sar Nur, Homesh, Ganim & Kadim]. 

2016 DNC Convention Israeli Flag Burning-Palestinean Flag inside Convention

THE EXPULSION FROM GUSH KATIF AND NORTHERN COMMUNITIES occurred on the night of Tuesday August 16, 2005, when 9000 Israelis were instructed to leave the area or face eviction.   To date, the text of the agreement between Israel and Egypt regarding the number of Egyptian police Egypt might keep on its side of the border while the IDF evacuates the Gazan side has yet to be made public.   Under the Revised Disengagement Plan adopted on June 6, 2004, the IDF was to have remained on the Gaza-Egypt border and could have engaged in further house demolitions to widen a 'buffer zone' there (Art 6). However, Israel later decided to leave the border area, which is now controlled by Egypt and the Palestinians, through the PNA. Israel will continue to control Gaza's coastline and airspace and reserves the right to undertake military operations when necessary. (Art 3.1). Egypt will control Gaza's Egyptian border. Israel will continue to provide Gaza with water, communication, electricity, and sewage networks.[11]

 

The agreements brokered, according to Condoleezza Rice, stipulated that: 

·        For the first time since 1967, Palestinian authorities would have complete control over exits and entrances to their territory.

·        That both parties to the agreement, Israel and Palestinians, would upgrade and expand crossings to facilitate the movement of people and goods between Israel, Gaza and the West Bank.

·        Palestinians would be allowed the use of bus and truck convoys to move between Gaza and the West Bank.

·        Obstacles to movement in the West bank would be lifted.

·        A Palestinian seaport was to be constructed on the Gaza littoral.

·        A Palestinian airport was considered important by both sides. and the United States was encouraging Israel to entertain the idea that construction to that end was to be resumed.[12]

Because the Palestinian Authority in Gaza did not believe it had sufficient control of the area at this time, foreign observers such as the International Committee of the Red Cross,[13] Human Rights Watch[14] and various legal experts[15] have argued that the disengagement will not end Israel's legal responsibility as an occupying power in Gaza.  Israel and Egypt have concluded an agreement under which Egypt can increase the number of police on its side of the border, while the IDF evacuates the Gazan side. The text of the agreement is not yet public. (Wiki)

 

 

1> PAST: HILLARY CLINTON SUPPORT(?) FOR ISRAEL; PRESENT: HILARY RODMAN CLINTON DOES NOT LOVE ISRAEL

What she did do for Israel:  HILLARY CLINTON ON ISRAEL

IN HILLARY'S WORDS

HILLARY CLINTON'S STEADFAST SUPPORT OF ISRAEL These are the Clinton KEY POINTS from http://correctrecord.org/hillary-clinton-on-israel/ : Hillary Clinton has been a staunch supporter of Israel for her entire career. / In her book, Hard Choices, she wrote about her work with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as Secretary of State saying, "Despite our policy differences, Netanyahu and I worked together as partners and friends. But even when we disagreed, we maintained an unshakable commitment to the alliance between our countries." / Hillary Clinton has forcefully rejected Iran's push for nuclear weapons. / As Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton built and maintained a coalition to enact the toughest sanctions in Iran's history. / She has  said that "no option can be off the table" and that "we need to use every tool at our disposal" to halt Iran's push for nuclear weapons.  / Hillary said that "an attack on Israel would incur massive retaliation from the United States." / Secretary Clinton helped avert all-out war in Gaza by negotiating a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinians. / In the Senate, Hillary was "an outspoken defender of Israel and representative for American Jews," according to CNN. / By 2008, "a number of Jewish Democrats said her record with the community was unprecedented," according to CNN. / Hillary was an early supporter of Israel's right to build a security barrier. / Hillary joined Palestinian Media Watch in exposing anti-Israel and anti-Semitic biases in Palestinian schools. / Hillary introduced legislation calling for the immediate release of Israeli soldiers held by Hamas and Hezbollah. / Hillary cosponsored the Palestinian Anti-Terrorism Act in 2006 to block foreign assistance to Hamas. / Hillary cosponsored the Syrian Accountability Act to pressure Syria to halt support for terrorism in the Middle East.

http://freebeacon.com/issues/as-hillary-clinton-speaks-at-aipac-top-advisers-son-protests-with-anti-israel-advocates/

 

 

Blumenthal was clearly a man whose advice Hillary trusted and she was willing to pay him $10,000 a month for his services. However the information coming to light paints a troubled picture.

What they show is a slew of anti-Israel writings and opinions, many of which originated from articles written by Blumenthal's own son, Max Blumenthal.

Max is a writer and self-declared "anti-Zionist," known for his active support of the BDS movement and his calls for the dismantling of the State of Israel. He trolls pro-Israel writers, as I can personally attest. Max's widely panned 2013 book Goliath, Life and Loathing in Greater Israel is full of anti-Israel rants, omissions and outright lies. In it, he repeatedly compares the Jewish state to Nazi Germany, and advocates that the majority of Jews currently living in Israel must be removed from the land to make way for a Palestinian state. Mimicking the Islamic State's acronym ISIL, Max created the hashtag #JSIL - Jewish State in the Levant. To Max, the democratic State of Israel and Islamic State are morally equivalent entities.

 

From Breitbart.com on Hillary and Sydney Blumenthal  In May 2010, after Israeli forces boarded a terrorist flotilla aimed at the Gaza Strip, Clinton's email box filled with anti-Israel critiques from other members of the State Department, as well as media members like Daniel Kurtzer of The Washington Post. On May 31, Blumenthal and Clinton had an email exchange about an article concerning Netanyahu's reaction to the Gaza flotilla-naturally, from left-wing Israeli outlet Ma'ariv. The article painted Netanyahu as wildly unflattering toward the United States, even though the prime minister strongly denied all allegations in the article.

 

Clinton wrote to Blumenthal, "Are you up? Can I call?" That same day, Blumenthal sent his ridiculously anti-Israel observations:

(email response from Sid Blumenthal to Hillary on Ma'ariv's article) First observation: Bibi's Entebbe in reverse. The father, Benzion Netanyahu, 100 years old, secretary to Jabotinsky, and denounced as too radical by Begin, adored his son Yoni, heroically killed at Entebbe. Benyamin has never measured up..The raid on the ship to Gaza resembles the raid on Entebbe, except that there are no hostages, no guns, it's not in Africa, and it's a Fiasco; otherwise, it's Entebbe.whatever the outcome of such a raid, one of the inevitable ones would be the death of the peace process, such as it is, on the very eve of Bibi's scheduled visit to Obama, which would have been, under any circumstance, in light of the raid, profoundly humiliating for the president. Or are the Israelis bone stupid? I don't think so. Cheers, Sid.

 

2>FINDING HILLARY CLINTON NEGATIVES ON GOOGLE.COM IS AN IMPOSSIBILITY.

The Daily Mail reports meetings with Google representatives took place at least 427 times during the Obama administration. The data used spans from Obama's first month in office in 2009 until October 2015, and includes government meetings with representatives of Google-affiliated companies Tomorrow Ventures and Civis Analytics.

I HAD TO SWITCH TO YAHOO IN RESEARCHING HILLARY NEGATIVES-WHETHER I INPUT "HILLARY LOVE ISRAEL" or HILLARY HATES ISRAEL I got the identical answer.  Since April 27 2009, Eric Schmidt, has co-chaired President Obama's Science and Technology Advisory Council (PCAST)  Eric Schmidt is Chairman and CEO of Google Inc. and a member of the Board of Directors of Apple Inc.   

 

­­­Yahoo.com provided:

Hillary Clinton made it clear that she won't seek to reinstate the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933, which Bill repealed, and whose absence is broadly considered central to the 2008-2009 financial crisis, during which countless Americans lost their savings, homes, and jobs, while major banks were bailed out from the public coffers and bank executives continued receiving massive bonuses. 

 

The Clinton the State Department signed off on $316 billion in arms sales to countries that donated to the Clinton Foundation.  The Clinton campaign has received vastly more support from arms manufacturers than any other candidate of either party.

 

In June, Salon's Matthew Pulver showed how Secretary Clinton provided cover for a right-wing coup in Honduras. Political violence spiked in the chaos that followed, and the country went on to have the highest murder rate in the world.

 

Clinton's family was forging a financial relationship with Pacific Rubiales, the sprawling Canadian petroleum company at the center of Colombia's labor strife. The Clintons were also developing commercial ties with the oil giant's founder, Canadian financier Frank Giustra, who now occupies a seat on the board of the Clinton Foundation, the family's global philanthropic empire.

 

Judicial Watch  www.judicialwatch.org/.../judicial-watch-sues-treasury-for-records-on- ...

Dec 1, 2015 - ... documents involving a uranium deal approved by then-Secretary of State Clinton that is tied to major Clinton Foundation donor Frank Giustra ... [Giustra's 'friendship with the Clinton's extends far, far beyond the security of the United States, as in the Uranium deal.  Read on.]

 

Giustra, 57, a Vancouver, B.C.-based mogul whose eclectic business interests include founding Lionsgate Entertainment and investing in gold mines and an olive oil company, has come to symbolize a relatively new but substantial category of Clinton backers: foreign donors who are not legally eligible to contribute to U.S. political candidates but grew close to the Clintons through the charity.

 

Having been following Frank Giustra since the amazingly, hughly anti-USA deal ever made; the Clintons' managing the deal to sell Uranium found on US soil to Russia, our clear-and-certain-enemy, I found the the Giustra/Clinton saga continued into Haiti.

 

The following Baer report on Yugoslavia and Clinton leads into a report on Haiti .

14 Dec, 2015 Robert Baer just made an incredibly important admission that for me comes way too late, but still it's good to know. The former CIA officer admits he was given millions of dollars which he used successfully to bribe politicians in Yugoslavia to betray their country's interest. Robert Baer describes how the US brought democracy to Yugoslavia by destroying it.

 

Of course, this policy financed by my tax dollars, didn't benefit me or my next door neighbors; but certain individuals in both the US and Yugoslavia benefitted handsomely from the gambit.  Oops, too bad about those hundreds of thousands of lives; too bad about Srebrenica. So, now, Robert Baer is trying to make amends, of sort, by exposing the whole affair. 

Therefore, it is with this backdrop in mind, that I wanted to explore how US policy can hurt multitudes of people, yet benefit a small clique, and so, be deemed "successful." US policy in Yugoslavia literally wiped the country off the map. If you are not a peace and justice kind of person, it could be said that the US policy to destroy that country was effective and successful, despite the tremendous loss of life that resulted. And now, the US is attempting to bring "democracy" to Haiti.

 

Haiti is currently in the midst of an electoral crisis because the US wants to dictate who the next president will be. In 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton interfered in Haiti's election results denying the people their right of self-determination.  According to the previous (and now current) head of Haiti's Presidential Electoral Commission (EC), Pierre Louis Opont, the EC had prepared election results to be publicized; those results were passed on to Cheryl Mills, the Chief of Staff of then-Secretary Clinton. But, instead of announcing the two winners, who would then compete in a runoff, Mills announced a completely different result. Opont and the remaining Commission members were shocked, but said or did nothing at the time and allowed the fraudulent result to stand.

In July 2015, Opont went public with the saga, just as Haiti was about to commence its Presidential campaign for 2015.  Needless to say, the US-backed Michel Martelly, an entertainer known onstage as "Sweet Mickey"went on to 'win' the Haitian election, defeating Jude Celestin, who had the backing of outgoing President Rene Preval, a Jean-Bertrand Aristide ally. Democracy denied.

During the 2010 election, the US State Department had made comments like Celestin "was too close to [Venezuelan President Hugo] Chavez." The US government took it upon itself to deny democracy to Haitians because they had voted for a Chavez ally to lead them. Well, Hugo Chavez is no longer an issue, nor is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, which just handed Chavez protégé President Nicolas Maduro a crippling blow in Parliamentary elections on December 10, 2015.

Meanwhile, it was later revealed that Secretary Clinton had awarded, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) a $100,000 donation to an organization that supported Clinton's choice for President, Martelly.  After his inauguration, one of Martelly's favorite slogans was "Haiti is open for business." For the then-Secretary of State that proved to be an understatement. First, there was the revelation that (bad penny) Tony Rodham, the Secretary's brother, was awarded a contract to mine Haitian gold. Tony Rodham has no special insights into gold mining except that he is Hillary Clinton's brother. 

 

Moreover, the Haitians have refused to mine for more gold because they have steadfastly demanded the return of their gold bullion, taken for"safe keeping" by the US in 1915. The US militarily occupied Haiti until 1934, but maintained economic control over the country. It is this economic control over Haitian resources that is at the center of the Haitian struggle for self-determination.  Now, Secretary Clinton is running for President of the United States, but has yet to answer the question of how her brother came to gain a gold mining contract in Haiti during her tenure at the State Department. Her official answer is that she doesn't know.

 

CLINTON'S PRIVATE EQUITY FUND, FONDO ACCESO, IN COLUMBIA South America-It's small $20 Million fund, but it opens doors, especially when it's board consists of former President Clinton, Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim (who owns 17% of the New York Times) and Canadian mining titan Frank Giustra. The fund was opened in 2010 as Fondo Acceso.  The firm is managed by Carolina Botero, from the Clinton Foundation, Bogota office, who is also chief financial officer at the Clinton-Giustra Enterprise Partnership. Alana Goodman of theWashington Free Beacon takes an even closer look at the relationship between controversial Canadian mining tycoon Frank Giustra and the Clinton Foundation. This time, she reports that a company in which Giustra owned a major stake received a $150 million loan from the taxpayer-funded International Finance Corporation (IFC) to build a port and pipeline in Colombia. The loan was made despite IFC concerns about the project's social and environmental impact.   

 

Following

For those with endurance: http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/04/22/catching-up-with-cynthia-mckinney-and-looking-worriedly-ahead/

 

 

3>HOW BEST TO INSURE A REPUBLICAN VICTORY IN NOVEMBER

Janet Lehr - Reformed attorney, Art dealer, Pro-Israel blogger (writing as IsraelLives.org), Proud Republican Voter, devoted AMERICAN.

 

>The best way to insure a REPUBLICAN VICTORY in November is to circulate this refugeeresettlementwatch website!!  The information it relates daily is sufficient impetus to get reluctant voters out stumping for Republican success at the polls, and most importantly, volunteering to be Poll Watchers, driving the infirmed to the polls-asking your local Republican party officials what they need you, a citizen volunteer, to do.   It is particularly necessary to insure that every Republican VOTES and that ID's are required of all who come to the polls to vote.   Each Republican not voting is irresponsibly aiding a Democratic victory.  Not voting, is just not an option.  Too much hangs in the balance.

>#1, 2, 3, the number of Supreme Court Justices likely to be appointed under the incoming President.  President Obama has carefully seeded the Federal Bench in these last eight years.  After these eight years of this 'seeding', decisions coming from the lower courts have already proven to be alarmingly 'progressive'.

>Another exceedingly, vitally important issue is that of President Obama's Executive Orders.  They ride with the President who has made them, his successor has the option of accepting them or repealing them.  This alone should galvanize the Republican spirit in those who may not feel that the Republican candidate makes a 'Presidential' presentation. 

>A NON-VOTE FOR PRESIDENT PROBABLY MEANS A NON-VOTER.  Think of the devastating effect on Congressmen and Governors running for office.  To lose the Congress and the Statehouses in which we now hold a majority, would be devastating.

>LASTLY, THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA WILL PROBABLY NOT SURVIVE ANOTHER 4-8 YEARS CONTINUING ON OUR PRESENT PATH OF NEAR 'FLAT' GDP, OF ENCOURAGING 'FOREIGN INVASION' THRU IMMIGRATION, OF REWARDING THOSE WHO 'SCAM' AND FLAUNT OUR LAWS. 

Speaking of our laws.  In a number of accredited law schools, the course of CONSTITUTIONAL LAW has either been removed from the curriculum entirely or has been relegated to 'elective' status.  There is a strange anomaly in the appointment of Elena Kagen.  As Harvard Law Dean, (Supreme Court Justice) Elena Kagan did Not Require Study of U.S. Constitutional Law, but did Require Study of International and Foreign Law (full text)  One has to wonder how this earned her a salary for life, opining on the US Constitution.  I tried a Yahoo search: list U.S. law schools requiring the study of constitutional law (48 listed-neither Harvard nor Columbia were mentioned) 

Our Congress might consider incentivizing the nations law school to make mandatory a course study of Constitutional Law, with the additional option of advanced courses in the study thereof.  Readers of this note will be shocked to learn that a significant % of the nation's law schools have dropped the requirement of a course in U.S. Constitutional Law. 

Some schools such as Yale University have welcomed programs of Islamic Legal Studies.  Abdallah S. Kamel Center for the Study of Islamic Law was establish at Yale University in 2015.  Saleh Abdullah Kamel, a Saudi banker who is now worth billions of dollars thanks to his success with Sharia-compliant financing."The Abdallah S. Kamel Center for the Study of Islamic Law will open exciting new opportunities for Yale Law School." said Yale President Peter Salovey.   The Abdallah S. Kamel Center for the Study of Islamic Law was establish at Yale University in 2015.  Quoting from BREITBART   "The new Yale Islamic Center becomes the latest of many Saudi-funded influence operations on American University campuses throughout the continental United States.  Some more notable Saudi-funded campus outfits include the $20 million Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding at Georgetown University.  Saudi-backed Professorships and Islamic Centers have made their way to Columbia University, Rice University, the University of Arkansas, University of California in Los Angeles, The University of California/Berkeley and countless other institutions.  This was the result of a paltry $10 million dollar gift by documented terrorist supporter Abdullah Kamel!! (see Breitbart link above).

>CONSIDERING THE ABOVE REAL AND PRESENT REALITIES.  EACH NON-VOTE MAKES DISASTER MORE ASSURED.

Please pass this on.  A divided party will surely go down to defeat.  At the convention, each of the 17 original candidates plus those from 2012 nominating process, all Republican Congressmen and Governors need to stand with the Republican party's nominee.  NOT TO VOTE IS TRULY, NOT AN OPTION.  Please give my thoughts your deepest attention, and pass them along for others to pass on.

I LOOK AT THE PRESENT 'REPUBICAN NOMINEE APPARENT'S' WIFE AND CHILDREN and hear from his past and present associates, but particularly note his wife and children - They display perfect' discipline and exemplary characteristics.  If we say, 'the apple doesn't fall far from the tree', we must give that 'tree' the opportunity to demonstrate the depth and breadth of his exemplary influence.  Surely he can sluff off the cloak of the TV host and with a little professional coaching regain the mien that fostered the mature solidity in his wife and children. 

 

4> U.S. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF MAP & ANALYSIS FROM 1967: FOLLOWING THE '67 WAR.

 

Disasterous potential of palestinean military presence on the West Bank

Surrender the high ground, and control of the water & disaster is assured.

 

Non-Hillary notes:

Regarding Presidential Executive Order signed July 1, 2016

6> PRESIDENT OBAMA HAS SIGNED AN EXECUTIVE ORDER THAT ALLOWS FOR THE US MILITARY TO USE FORCE AGAINST AMERICAN CITIZENS FOR THE FIRST TIME IN HISTORY.

http://wearechange.org/executive-order-united-nations-allowed-use-force-us-citizens/?AID=7236

The following is relatively new news, a few weeks old.

July 13, 2016

 

The militarization of local police, combined with the arrival of a United Nations military presence, could mean big trouble for liberty and freedom here in America.

U.S. Ambassador Samantha Power told attendees at an important U.N. meeting that the United States was "proud" and "humbled" to be a included in the new agenda and promised to follow by the 18 pledges. Fox News 

The arrival of the United Nations requires federalization of police in order to set a global standard of law enforcement. President Barack Obama has pounced on the opportunity to exploit recent shootings to push for the federalization of local police forces.

Videos have been flooding the internet documenting United Nations military-like vehicles moving across America.

UN forces were quickly met with much resistance and silently left occupied government buildings and removed United Nation flags nationwide. Broadcaster Myron C. Fagan documented the secretive operation in the 1960's claiming "the UN 'invasions' were intended to be completely hush-hush. The Mass Media were very accommodating and the local newspapers and radio stations in the 'invaded' cities were kept silent under order of the UN. However, in several of the cities the local police refused to be 'captured'. That caused quite an uproar - true, only locally, but it threatened to spread nationwide, especially after troops and officers assigned to additional 'invasion units' refused to 'serve'. The alarmed plotters hastily halted all further 'invasions'."

 

YourNewsWire reports:

President Obama has signed an executive order that allows for the US military to use force against American citizens for the first time in history.

 The order was signed on July 1st, 2016 and is titled "Executive Order - United States Policy on Pre- and Post-Strike Measures to Address Civilian Casualties in U.S. Operations Involving the Use of Force".

The order appears to have changed the rules of engagement between the military and ordinary U.S. citizens in an end-around the Constitution.

Whitehouse.gov reports:

 

The order was signed on July 1st, 2016 and is titled "Executive Order - United States Policy on Pre- and Post-Strike Measures to Address Civilian Casualties in U.S. Operations Involving the Use of Force".

The order appears to have changed the rules of engagement between the military and ordinary U.S. citizens in an end-around the Constitution.

The militarization of local police, combined with the arrival of a United Nations military presence, could mean big trouble for liberty and freedom here in America.

U.S. Ambassador Samantha Power told attendees at an important U.N. meeting that the United States was "proud" and "humbled" to be a included in the new agenda and promised to follow by the 18 pledges. Fox News 

 

The arrival of the United Nations requires federalization of police in order to set a global standard of law enforcement. President Barack Obama has pounced on the opportunity to exploit recent shootings to push for the federalization of local police forces.  Videos have been flooding the internet documenting United Nations military-like vehicles moving across America.

 

And this would not the be the first time American politicians have attempted to sell their citizens out to the powers of the United Nations. The UN's first attempt to capture America was in 1951. In strange fashion, forces flying the flag of the United Nations began to occupy small towns and cities across the United States. This was intended to test the will of the people and see if they would accept a UN "takeover." The test failed and sparked controversy and concerns over a "revolution-in-the-making" that would destroy any plot formulated by the Council on Foreign Relations and the United Nations.

BARACK OBAMA

THE WHITE HOUSE,
July 1, 2016.

Sources: http://americanintelligencereport.com/u-s-approves-united-nations-use-of-military-force-on-american-soil

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/07/01/executive-order-united-states-policy-pre-and-post-strike-measures

 

EXECUTIVE ORDER

 UNITED STATES POLICY ON PRE- AND POST-STRIKE MEASURES TO ADDRESS CIVILIAN CASUALTIES IN U.S. OPERATIONS INVOLVING THE USE OF FORCE

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby direct as follows:

Section 1. Purpose. United States policy on civilian casualties resulting from U.S. operations involving the use of force in armed conflict or in the exercise of the Nation's inherent right of self-defense is based on our national interests, our values, and our legal obligations. As a Nation, we are steadfastly committed to complying with our obligations under the law of armed conflict, including those that address the protection of civilians, such as the fundamental principles of necessity, humanity, distinction, and proportionality.

 

The protection of civilians is fundamentally consistent with the effective, efficient, and decisive use of force in pursuit of U.S. national interests. Minimizing civilian casualties can further mission objectives; help maintain the support of partner governments and vulnerable populations, especially in the conduct of counterterrorism and counterinsurgency operations; and enhance the legitimacy and sustai

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